A hub of online professional and topical glossaries/dictionaries
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ACETAMINOPHEN  look up translate image
A pain reliever and fever reducer. Brand name: Tylenol. The exact mechanism of action of acetaminophen is not known. Acetaminophen relieves pain by elevating the pain threshold (that is, by requiring a greater amount of pain to develop before it is felt by a person). Acetaminophen reduces fever through its action on the heat-regulating center (the "thermostat") of the brain. Generic is available.
ANTIBIOTIC  look up translate image
A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. Originally, an antibiotic was a substance produced by one microorganism that selectively inhibits the growth of another. Synthetic antibiotics, usually chemically related to natural antibiotics, have since been produced that accomplish comparable tasks.See the entire definition of Antibiotic
ARMS  look up translate image
An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.
ASPIRIN  look up translate image
A good example of a tradename that entered into the language, Aspirin was once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid.See the entire definition of Aspirin
BABY BODYSUIT  look up translate image
A baby bodysuit is essentially the same as a baby onesie; the difference lies in their name.

The term "baby bodysuit" was coined by many companies that were unable to use the term "baby onesie" as it is legally trademarked by Gerber.

Baby bodysuits come in both long-sleeved and short-sleeved varieties and can serve as a layering piece or an item of clothing, depending on the styling and the climate.

As with baby onesies, you will find that baby bodysuits have either snaps at the shoulder...(more)

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  • BAG SLEEPER  look up translate image
    A bag sleeper may be one of the most popular types of sleepwear for infants and babies. This is due primarily to its unique construction.

    Rather than having two legs like footie pajamas, a bag sleeper looks similar to a child's nightgown. The difference is that is has a zipper, or snaps, across the bottom that make midnight diaper changes a much easier affair.

    One of the reasons that bag sleepers are favored by parents is simply because they're roomy, they allow easy access to diapers, they're...(more)

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  • BED GOWN  look up translate image
    A long shapeless gown, open down the front, worn by babies was called a bed gown. They might be made of a variety of fabrics, especially prints, and might be pinned or tied.
    BELLY  look up translate image
    That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and the pelvis. Also called the abdomen.See the entire definition of Belly
    BLANKET ROBE  look up translate image
    A robe blanket was a garment without sleeves, but shaped through the bodice. Usually of a light wool, bound with ribbon and was wrapped about the baby for warmth. Generally it was worn beneath the gown.
    BLANKET SLEEPER  look up translate image
    Heavier in weight, a blanket sleeper is often worn in colder weather by babies and toddlers. Made of blanket-like material, it is warm like a bag sleeper, but has legs and arms that allow for easy walking and moving; some have enclosed feet or booties, others do not.

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  • BREAST MILK  look up translate image
    Milk from the breast. Human milk contains a balance of nutrients that closely matches infant requirements for brain development, growth and a healthy immune system. Human milk also contains immunologic agents and other compounds that act against viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Since an infant's immune system is not fully developed until age 2, human milk provides a distinct advantage over formula.See the entire definition of Breast milk
    BREASTFEEDING  look up translate image
    Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, human breast milk is preferred for all infants. This includes even premature and sick babies, with rare exceptions. It is the food least likely to cause allergic reactions; it is inexpensive; it is readily available at any hour of the day or night; babies accept the taste readily; and the antibodies in breast milk can help a baby resist infections.See the entire definition of Breastfeeding
    BREECHING  look up translate image
    "Breeching" was the time at which a young boy (age four to seven years old) would be taken out of his child's gown and stays and given his first pair of breeches (adult clothing). Sometimes a party would be given to celebrate the end of his childhood.
    BURP  look up translate image
    1. Gas brought up from the stomach through the mouth producing a gutteral noise.2. As a verb, to bring up gas from the stomach through the mouth. Also to help a baby bring up gas after feeding by rubbing or patting its back.
    CELL  look up translate image
    The basic structural and functional unit in people and all living things. Each cell is a small container of chemicals and water wrapped in a membrane.See the entire definition of Cell
    CHILD'S GOWN  look up translate image
    A back-fastening gown was worn by girls until about age twelve or fourteen, and by boys until breeched at age four to seven years. The gown most often resembled a woman's but those worn by boys sometimes resembled men's coats and would button center front.
    CIRCUMCISION  look up translate image
    Surgery that removes the foreskin (the loose tissue) covering the glans of the penis. Circumcision may be performed for religious or cultural reasons, or health reasons. Newborn circumcision diminishes the risk for cancer of the penis and lowers the risk for cancer of the cervix in sexual partners. It also decreases the risk of urinary tract infections and lowers the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, including especially HIV.See the entire definition of Circumcision
    CLOUT  look up translate image
    Referred to today as a diaper, in the 18th century the clout was made of linen diaper fabric and was either pinned with straight pins or tied with tapes.
    DIAPER RASH  look up translate image
    Also called "diaper dermatitis," a diaper rash is a skin inflammatory reaction localized to the area usually covered by the diaper. It can have many causes including infections (yeast, bacterial or viral), friction irritation, chemical allergies (perfumes, soaps), sweat and plugging of sweat glands.
    DIARRHEA  look up translate image
    A familiar phenomenon with unusually frequent or unusually liquid bowel movements, excessive watery evacuations of fecal material. The opposite of constipation. The word "diarrhea" with its odd spelling is a near steal from the Greek "diarrhoia" meaning "a flowing through." Plato and Aristotle may have had diarrhoia while today we have diarrhea. There are myriad infectious and noninfectious causes of diarrhea.See the entire definition of Diarrhea
    EAR  look up translate image
    The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy textbooks. They are the outer ear (the part we see along the sides of our head behind the temples), the middle ear, and the inner ear. But in terms of function, the ear has four parts: those three and the brain. Hearing thus involves all parts of the ear as well as the auditory cortex of the brain. The external ear helps concentrate the vibrations of air on the ear drum and make it vibrate. These vibrations are transmitted...(more)
    ESSENTIAL  look up translate image
    1. Something that cannot be done without.2. Required in the diet, because the body cannot make it. As in an essential amino acid or an essential fatty acid. 3. Idiopathic. As in essential hypertension. "Essential" is a hallowed term meaning "We don't know the cause."
    FLAME RESISTANT FABRIC  look up translate image
    Flame resistant fabric must not ignite easily and it must self-extinguish quickly when removed from a flame in order to meet the governments flammability requirements. Found in children's sleepwear, flame resistant fabrics are designed to protect children. It is important to note that not all sleepwear is flame resistant; some is considered "snug-fitting" and will have a yellow hang tag that indicates that it is not flame resistant. Also Known As: flame retardant fabric Common Misspellings: flame retardent fabric
    HYDROGEN  look up translate image
    The most plentiful element in the universe and one present in all organic compounds. Hydrogen is a gas with an atomic number of 1 and the symbol H.See the entire definition of Hydrogen
    INFANT  look up translate image
    A child up to 2 years (24 months) of age.See the entire definition of Infant
    INFANT FORMULA  look up translate image
    A substitute for breast milk for feeding infants.See the entire definition of Infant formula
    INFANT'S SHIFT  look up translate image
    A miniature of the adult shift was worn by children (both boys and girls) as the undermost garment. Made in a variety of white linens, they were cut and constructed from rectangles and squares.
    INFANT'S SHIRT  look up translate image
    A loose fitting T-shaped garment worn by babies, its length only to the waist and open down the front. Constructed of rectangles and squares in plain linen, it could be pinned or tied. Some might be trimmed with lace.
    INFLAMMATION  look up translate image
    A basic way in which the body reacts to infection, irritation or other injury, the key feature being redness, warmth, swelling and pain. Inflammation is now recognized as a type of nonspecific immune response.See the entire definition of Inflammation
    KIMONO BABY SHIRT  look up translate image
    The definition of a kimono-style baby shirt largely depends on where you live in the world. In the United States, these are widely available on the commercial market in organic and non-organic fabrics and from a variety of designers.

    In this situation, a kimono baby shirt is a side-snapping shirt that is available in both a t-shirt style and a full bodysuit style. A miniature version of the adult style kimono, it maintains its basic wrap style, but the bodysuits do not have the ties typically...(more)

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  • LACTATION  look up translate image
    The process of milk production. Human milk is secreted by the mammary glands, which are located within the fatty tissue of the breast. The hormone oxytocin is produced in response to the birth of a new baby, and it both stimulates uterine contractions and begins the lactation process. For the first few hours of nursing, a special fluid called colostrum is delivered, which is especially high in nutrients, fats, and antibodies to protect the newborn from infection. Thereafter the amount of milk produced...(more)
    LAYETTE  look up translate image
    A layette is commonly given as a baby gift upon the birth of a newborn. The official definition of a layette is, "an outfit of clothing, bedding, etc. for a newborn baby."

    Found in all major department stores and many boutique baby shops, a layette set is often sold as a prepackaged set containing things such as a blanket, pajamas, booties, onesies, and a cap.

    However, you are not limited to just these items, and can feel free to include bedding, bag sleepers, or other newborn essentials....(more)

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  • LEADING STRINGS BANDS  look up translate image
    Toddlers' gowns often had cords or strips of fabric sewn to the shoulder, which were used by adults to guide and prevent the child from falling. They might be used on older girls' gown as a symbol of their need for parental guidance; replaced by leading reins in the 19th century.
    MOUTH  look up translate image
    1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and containing the teeth, gums, and tongue. Foodstuffs are broken down mechanically in the mouth by chewing and saliva is added as a lubricant. Saliva contains amylase, an enzyme that digests starch. 2. Any opening or aperture in the body. The mouth in both senses of the word is also called the os, the Latin word for an opening, or mouth. The o in os is pronounced as in hope. The genitive form of os is oris from which comes the word oral.
    MUCUS  look up translate image
    A thick slippery fluid produced by the membranes lining certain organs such as the nose, mouth, throat, and vagina. Mucus is the Latin word for "a semifluid, slimy discharge from the nose." Note that mucus is a noun while the adjective is mucous.
    NAIL  look up translate image
    In medicine, there are two types of nails. One is just a plain old metal nail used to hold 2 or more pieces of bone together, for example, after a fracture. The other type of nail is the horny plate on the end of the finger or toe. Each nail anatomically has a body, lateral nail folds (on the sides), a lunula (the little moon-shaped feature at the base), and a proximal skin fold (at the base).
    NASAL  look up translate image
    Having to do with the nose. Nasal drops are intended for the nose, not (for example) the eyes. The word "nasal" came from the Latin "nasus" meaning the nose or snout.
    NEWBORN BABY MITTENS  look up translate image
    Newborn babies have paper-thin nails that, while soft and pliable, can easily scratch a baby's sensitive skin. Newborn baby mittens have become the answer for some. So what exactly are baby mittens? They are thumb-less mitts with elastic at the wrist and are very thing - typically made of cotton or a cotton blend. They are designed to easily slip over the baby's hands and to keep them from scratching their face. Some parents complain that baby mittens fall off easily and I tend to agree. If you feel the need to cover up your baby's hands, you can also use baby socks which stay on better.
    NIPPLE CONFUSION  look up translate image
    A problem that may beset a bottlefed baby in which it forgets how to nurse on mother's nipple. Breastfeeding requires far more vigorous mouth and tongue motions and greater muscle coordination than bottlefeeding. On bottle nipples or even pacifiers, a newborn can forget how to nurse properly. This confusion can lead to diminished or discontinued nursing. Nipple confusion is usually not a concern after the early weeks, once the baby is nursing well.
    NOSE  look up translate image
    The external midline projection from the face.See the entire definition of Nose
    OINTMENT  look up translate image
    A medication preparation that is applied topically (onto the skin). An ointment has an oil base whereas a cream is water-soluble. (The word ointment comes from the Latin ungere meaning anoint with oil).
    ONESIE  look up translate image
    A onesie is the trademarked one-piece undershirt available only through Gerber.
    Also known as a baby bodysuit, it is a common piece of baby clothing that usually snaps both at the shoulder and between the legs. You'll also see it referred to as a "baby snapsuit."

    Designed to accommodate easy diaper changes, these t-shirts are usually sold in packs of three, and are available in both long and short-sleeve varieties.

    Although many parents believe that bodysuits are the best option for babies...(more)

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  • ORGANIC COTTON  look up translate image
    Organic cotton is, like all other organic fibers, grown without the use of toxic chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Farmers that grow organic cotton use crop rotation as an alternative to agrochemicals and artificial fertilizers.

    Organic cotton baby clothes are also manufactured without the use of toxic chemicals. This means that, while in the manufacturing process, the clothes will not be subjected to dyes or bleaches, nor will they be sprayed with formaldehyde to preserve their "fresh look"...(more)
    OVER CAP  look up translate image
    A fancier cap was put over the under cap. These were more fashionable and also provided extra warmth and protection.
    PACIFIER  look up translate image
    An artificial nipple, usually made of plastic, upon which an infant can suck to gain some solace and quiet down. A pacifier is called by other names in other countries including a "dummy" in the U.K.See the entire definition of Pacifier
    PAIN  look up translate image
    An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pain has both physical and emotional components. The physical part of pain results from nerve stimulation. Pain may be contained to a discrete area, as in an injury, or it can be more diffuse, as in disorders like fibromyalgia. Pain is mediated by specific nerve fibers that carry the pain impulses to the brain where their conscious appreciation may be modified by many factors.See the entire definition of Pain
    PENIS  look up translate image
    The external male sex organ used to copulate and ejaculate semen and to convey urine outside the body.See the entire definition of Penis
    PILCH OR PILCHER  look up translate image
    A cover of fulled wool used over the clout for further protection was referred to as a pilch.
    PIMA COTTON  look up translate image
    Pima cotton, named in honor of the Pima Indians, is a generic term for extra-long staple cotton grown in parts of the southwestern United States, Australia and Peru; it is one of the longest cotton staple lengths in the world and is among the softest and most durable of the cotton fibers.

    The quality of Pima cotton is unmistakable, and in fact, only about 3% of the cotton produced in the United States annually is of the Pima variety. If you receive baby clothes made of Pima cotton, you know you...(more)
    PUDDING CAP  look up translate image
    A padded cap was tied on the head of a child learning to walk. It protected the child's brain when it fell and hit its head. There was a belief that if the head was hit it would be permanently soft, and falling frequently could lead to the brain turning mushy like pudding. Toddlers were often and lovingly referred to as "little pudding heads."
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    Baby care glossary
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    Created by admin
    Created on 2011-05-22 07:43:21
    Number of terms 67
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