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ACCESSORY FRUITS  look up translate image
An accessory fruit is a fruit where the fleshy part is normally derived not from the ovary but from some adjacent tissue. The prime example could be strawberry.
ACHENE  look up translate image
An achene is a kind of dry, indehiscent one-seeded fruit with a leathery pericarp that is easily separated from the seed coat (for example, sunflower).

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  • ACKEE  look up translate image
    A tropical fruit, shaped like a pear, which is served throughout the Caribbean. This fruit has a bright red flesh that surrounds white creamy inner meat containing 3 large black seeds. Use caution when you eating this fruit since Ackee that is not ripe could be toxic. Ackee is traditionally served with salt fish in the countries like Jamaica. This fruit is also known as Achee and Akee.

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  • AGGREGATE FRUITS  look up translate image
    An aggregate fruit, or etgerio, which develops from a flower with numerous simple pistils. An example is the raspberry, whose simple fruits are termed drupelets because each fruit is like a small drupe attached to the receptacle. In some bramble fruits (such as blackberry) the receptacle is elongate and also part of the ripe fruit, making the blackberry an aggregate-accessory fruit. The strawberry is also type of an aggregate-accessory fruit, only one in which the seeds are contained in achene. In all these examples, the fruit develops from a single flower with numerous pistils.
    APPLE (quả táo)  look up translate image
    A round and oval shaped fruit, which is harvested from lower growing trees found in most of the temperate regions of the world. The fruit has a thin skin that could range in color from shades of green, yellow, and red and much other combination of these. The flesh is generally off-white and cream colored and is very juicy. The generally sweet flavor could be slightly sour, tart, or even a bit bland depending on the variety.

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  • APRICOT (quả mơ, quả mai)  look up translate image
    A yellow-orange fruit harvested from small trees has native to China, but are grown in many other regions of the world as well. The fruit resembles a smaller version of a peach and also has many uses. It could be eaten whole with the pit removed, processed into juice and preserves, or could be an ingredient in many recipes. Apricots may be preserved through drying which allows them to be used whenever they are needed. When cooked in liquid, the apricots would absorb some of the liquid and become softer and less chewy.

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  • AVOCADO (quả lê tàu)  look up translate image
    A round to pear-shaped fruit with a dark green skin harvested from trees, which are grown in semi-tropical regions, such as Africa, Australia, Caribbean, Indonesia, Israel, Peru, Spain, South America, and also in the U.S. Containing up to 20 grams of fat that is high in monounsaturated, the flesh of the avocado provides a rich buttery flavor when eaten fresh or even added as an ingredient to a variety of foods.

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  • BANANA (quả chuối)  look up translate image
    This fruit is often found in a green, unripe stage, which would continue to ripen and turn yellow, red, brown and black also when kept at room temperature. When bananas are refrigerated, the skin darkens quicker, but they are kept from becoming soft and also mushy for a longer period of time. There are numerous varieties available with the Cavendish being the most common.

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  • BIENNIAL (cây hai năm)  look up translate image
    A plant that normally requires two seasons to complete its life cycle, growing regularly as a rosette in the first season and producing flowers and fruits and then dying in the second season. Having a life cycle that usually takes two growing seasons to complete.

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  • BLACK SAPOTE  look up translate image
    Black Sapote fruit are tomato-like and measure about 510 cm in diameter, with a fatal skin that turns from olive to a deep yellowish-green when ripe and a ripe pulp that turns from white when unripe to a taste, color and quality often compared to chocolate pudding.
    BLACKBERRY (quả mâm xôi)  look up translate image
    A black or purple berry harvested from different bramble bushes that are related to the rose family. When a blackberry is pulled out, the core comes with it unlike a raspberry that leaves its inner core at the back when it is picked. There are many dissimilar varieties of blackberries and they are usually expensive.

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  • BLUEBERRY  look up translate image
    A somewhat small, round berry that is dark blue in color with a crowned breach at the opposite end of its stem. Wild blueberries are small in size in comparison to the cultivated berries sold in food stores. The berries are well-liked raw as snacks or added to many freezing dishes such as cereal, ice cream, shakes, and salads. They are also commonly cooked in a range of entrees, desserts and baked goods, such as blueberry muffins, pies, pancakes, and blueberry grunt. Versatile in use, blueberries...(more)

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  • BREADFRUIT  look up translate image
    Native to the Pacific regions, it is a round tropical fruit with a broad green, mottled skin that grows from 1 to 6 pounds in weight. The off-white, bland tasting inner flesh has a consistency similar to bread and is very starchy. Breadfruit is frequently eaten raw like other fruits after it ripens. If picked prior to ripening, it is very sweet and is then baked, boiled, fried, and grilled, similar to a potato, to be served as a vegetable.
    CALYX (đài hoa)  look up translate image
    In botany, calyx is a collective term for all of the sepals, structural components of the flower.
    CANISTEL  look up translate image
    The Canistel is an evergreen tree national to southern Mexico & Central United States. The canistel grows up to ten meters (33 ft) high, & produces orange-yellow fruit, also called yellow sapote, up to 7 centimeters long, which are poisonous if eaten raw. Canistel flesh is sweet, with a surface often compared to that of a cooked egg yolk, hence its colloquial name of "eggfruit." It is closely related to the Mamey sapote & abiu.
    CANTALOUPE  look up translate image
    A variety of melon (Cucumis melo var. reticulates) having a tan rind with netlike ridges and the sweet fragrant orange flesh.
    CAPSULE  look up translate image
    A covering that is used on the top and at the neck of a wine bottle to protect the cork.
    CHERRY (quả anh đào)  look up translate image
    Any of a variety of fruit grown on a shrub or also on small shrub-like tree that are not considered domestic tree cherries. Some of the varieties of Bush Cherries include the Nanking cherry, Hansen's Bush cherry, Pin cherry, Sand cherry, Joy Cherry, Chinese Bush cherry, Korean Bush cherry, and also the Chokecherry. Bush cherries are universally used to make pies, baked sweets, jams, jellies, syrups, juices, and also concentrate.
    CITRON  look up translate image
    A mid-sized to large citrus fruit that is grown in quite a lot of different variations, all similar in taste and aroma. The citron has a thick rough skin, which provides a very bitter taste, typically considered unpalatable. When candied, the peel becomes translucent and more attractive as a garnish or ingredient in marmalades and jams
    CITRUS  look up translate image
    Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the family Rutaceae, originate in tropical and subtropical Southeast Asia. The plants are great shrubs or small trees, reaching 5-17 m tall, with spiny shoots and alternately prearranged evergreen leaves with an entire margin.
    COMPOUND FRUITS  look up translate image
    A compound fruit is one, which develops from several ovaries in either a single flower or even multiple flowers . Conversely, a simple fruit develops only from one ovary.
    CUSTARD APPLE  look up translate image
    The Custard-apple (Annona reticulate) is known in English as bullock's heart or bull's heart, does a species of Annona, native to the tropical New World, prefer a low elevation, and a warm, humid climate. It is a very small deciduous or even semi-evergreen tree reaching 12 m tall. The leaves are alternate, simple, oblong-lanceolate, 10-13 cm long and 5-12 cm broad. The flowers are produced in clusters, each flower 2-3 cm across, with six yellow-green petals.
    CYPSELA  look up translate image
    A dry, indehiscent, one-seeded fruit that is formed from an inferior ovary. Common to the Astraea family.
    DATE  look up translate image
    An oblong, brown, and a sweet fruit of the date palm tree native to the eastern Mediterranean and in Western Asia. The fruit surrounds a large pit that should be removed for eating, but dates could be purchased with the pit removed. They make an excellent snack and are an ingredient in many desserts and also at savory Middle Eastern dishes.
    DRUPE  look up translate image
    In botany, a drupe is a variety of fruit in which an outer fleshy part (Exocarp or skin and Mesocarp or flesh) surrounds a shell (the pit or stone) of hardened endocarp with a seed inside. These fruits develop from a single carpel, and commonly from flowers with superior ovaries. The definitive characteristic of a drupe is that the hard, lignified stone (or pit) derives from the ovary wall of the flower.
    DRY FRUITS  look up translate image
    Dried fruit is fruit, which has been dried, either in nature or through use of a machine, such as a dehydrator. Raisins, plums or prunes and dates are examples of good dried fruits. Other fruits that could be dried include apples, apricots, bananas, cranberries, figs, mangoes, peaches, pineapples, pear tomatoes and also pears.
    EDIBLE FLOWER  look up translate image
    A group of flowering plants, which are most often used to garnish and enhance the appearance and flavor of various foods. The petals or the whole flower can be placed into, around, or on foods for the desired results. As another choice, the petals could be candied and served as a sweet addition with different types of food.
    ELDERBERRY  look up translate image
    A small, sweet, purple berry, which grows on bushes that are often, found growing along roadsides. The berry could be hard to pick because of its small size, but sometimes a wide tooth comb may be used to gently remove the fruit from the stems. Elderberries are delicious in pies and also used to preserves and they are also used for making wine.
    ELSTAR APPLE  look up translate image
    A medium to large sized apple that is bright red and sometime's yellow in color. It has a firm cream-colored flesh, which is sweet but tart flavor. Its firm flesh makes excellent applesauce. The elstar apple is also a great snacking apple. Endocarp.
    FEIJOA  look up translate image
    Feijoa fruit, growing in autumn, is green, ellipsoid, and about the size of a chicken egg. It has a sweet, aromatic flavor. The tissue is juicy and is divided in to a clear jelly-like seed pulp as well as a firmer, slightly granular, opaque flesh nearer the skin. The fruit drops when ready and at its fullest flavor, but may be plucked from the tree proceeding to the drop to prevent bruising.
    FERTILIZATION  look up translate image
    The act or course of initiating biological reproduction by insemination and pollination.
    FIG  look up translate image
    A soft, sweet, thin-fleshed fruit with carries many small edible seeds. There are over 620 varieties of figs, which could vary in color from white, green, brown, red, and also purple with shapes that range from round to oval. Fig trees are native to Mediterranean regions and Western Asia, but are grown in many other temperate areas as well. Some of the common varieties of figs are normally classified by color in food stores as black, green, and purple figs. However, many fig producers classify their figs simply as green and yellow varieties or also dark varieties.
    FLESHY FRUITS  look up translate image
    Fleshy fruits can be of several different descriptions or varieties, but major category comes to mind right away: drupes, berries, and from pomes.
    FOLLICLE FRUIT  look up translate image
    A Follicle is a dry dehiscent fruit formed from one carpel. It contains one or many seeds.
    FRUIT  look up translate image
    The edible part of a plant, shrub, or tree also developed from a flower and consisting of one or more seeds and the mass of juicy flesh that is used as food.
    GOLDEN APPLE  look up translate image
    The Golden apple is excellent for eating raw or as pies & salads; Excellent for baking, making apple sauce or apple butter. A Good-quality Golden Appetizing apple will be firm with smooth, tidy skin & range in color from light green to pale or creamy yellow.
    GOOSEBERRY  look up translate image
    A large berry native from Europe related to the currant berries. It is still quite common in Europe, but is much less common in the United States. There are several varieties that have either smooth or furry skins and then range in color from yellow and green that have a sharper flavor, to various colors of red or burgundy, which are sweeter in flavor.
    GRAPE (nho)  look up translate image
    A type of berry that grows in bunches on vines. There are about hundreds of varieties grown in many parts of the world. Different varieties have different levels of tartness or sweetness and are normally available in colors such as green, red, and purple and black. Grapes could be eaten fresh as table grapes, they could be pressed to produce juice, or dried.
    GRAPEFRUIT (quả bưởi chùm)  look up translate image
    A tropical citrus fruit that is characterized by its slightly bitter taste. Grapefruit is usually about the size of a softball and larger, has a skin that is usually yellow in color and very fleshy that ranges in color from yellowish-white to deep ruby red. Like other citrus fruits, grapefruit is an excellent source of vitamin C.
    GUAVA (quả ổi)  look up translate image
    A tropical fruit that is native to South America also grown in the warm areas of the U.S. and also other tropical regions. Guava has a very sweet flavor that could taste similar to the taste of pineapple, banana or strawberries. An excellent source of vitamins A and C, this fruit is oval or sometimes pear-shaped and measures up to 4 inches in diameter. The guava has thin skin ranging in colors from white, yellow, red, or dark pink with a flesh that might be pale yellow to bright red.
    HAIRLESS RAMBUTAN  look up translate image
    Hairless rambutan is a kind strongly related to the Rambutan. The drupe fruit has a taste similar to Rambutan. The fruit does not have any hair-like spines, hence the name. They can be eaten fresh and raw straight from the tree. They are not usually grown or harvested for commercial use.
    HUCKLEBERRY  look up translate image
    A small, magenta-colored berry harvested from down growing shrubs that are normally found in Great Britain and Northern Europe as well. It is most frequently used for jams, syrups, desserts, muffins, salad dressings, and also herbal teas, in which it could also be labeled or referred to as the whortleberry. Sometimes confused with or referred to as a bilberry, it is not the same berry, and instead has a glossy outer skin that is thicker and covers a sharper taste pulp than the bilberry. In the United States, the huckleberry is also often wrong for a blueberry, which is typically smaller and not as tart.
    INDEHISCENT DRY FRUITS  look up translate image
    Indehiscent dry fruits do not by nature open to shed seeds; rather they disperse their fruits into the environment and attach them to an animal for dispersal. Of course these contain the seeds... Indehiscent dry fruits fail to unlock in any way and are shed as a fruit for dispersion.
    JACKFRUIT (quả mít)  look up translate image
    A large oval fruit native to India and Malaysia that grows on a tree that is related to the breadfruit tree. It is one of the largest of all fruits grown with some of the specimens as large as 38 inches in length with a weight close to 95 pounds. Jackfruit is typically classified as being both soft-fleshed and crisp-fleshed (hard-fleshed). The soft-fleshed jackfruit provides a pulp that is sweet and juicy at the same time as the crisp-fleshed fruit is less sweet and is not as juicy.
    JAMBUL  look up translate image
    Jambul trees start flowering from March to April. The flowers of jambul are aromatic and small, about five mm in diameter. The fruits are produced by May or June and resemble large berries. The fruit is rectangular, ovoid, starts green and turns pink to shining crimson black as it matures.
    JUJUBE  look up translate image
    A fruit native to China, which is much like a date in its appearance, flavor, and also texture, but is not related to the date. This fruit is very sweet with a high percentage of sugar. They store well and might keep for up to two months when stored in a cool dry place. They could be eaten fresh or dried and are also sold in pickled and candied forms. Jujubes are also known as Chinese dates.
    KAFFIR LIME  look up translate image
    A variety of lime that is small, round and then pointed at the end with a gnarled outer skin that emits a sharp lemon-like aroma. The Kaffir lime is not measured to be a direct member of the lime species. Instead it is categorized as one of the subspecies of citrus fruits, which are linked to the lime family. Since the flesh of the Kaffir is not edible, it is the grated peel and leaves most commonly used for foods. The rind and leaves of the lime are second-hand in recipes for curry pastes, soups, fish, shellfish, meat, poultry, vegetables, marinades, and chutneys, adding a distinct citrus smell and flavor.
    KEEPSAKE APPLE  look up translate image
    A small apple, which has a red outer skin and a cream colored fine textured flesh. This apple has a sweet flavor with a very high sugar content and is a considered a good apple for baking sauces or eating raw.
    LEGUME  look up translate image
    The term legume had two closely related meanings in botany, a situation encountered with few botanical common names of useful plants, whereby an applied name could refer to either the plant itself, or to the edible fruit (or useful part).
    LEMON (quả chanh)  look up translate image
    An oval or round shaped bright yellow citrus fruit that is sought for its tart flavored, highly acidic juice and skin. This type is most often available are the common lemon and also the Meyer lemon. The common lemon is larger in size and very bright yellow in color and has either a smooth skin or a rough, somewhat knobby skin. The smooth skinned lemons are good for cooking or juicing while the rough skinned lemons are best for grating.
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    Glossary of fruits
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    Created by admin
    Created on 2012-07-05 19:31:31
    Number of terms 102
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  • Fruits and Veggies Glossary
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