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Items 1→28 of 28. Page 1 of 1.
- ABANDON look up translate image
- To give up all concern in a game or formally stating a voluntary decision to give up a game because of discouragement, weariness, distaste etc.
- ACCELERATED PAIRING SYSTEMS look up translate image
- Swiss system variant used to reduce the number of tournament leaders in as few rounds as is practical. The Swiss system lists the competitors based on strength, then cuts the list in the middle and pairs the highest player in each group against each other and so forth. In the Accelerated System, the field is divided into 4 groups with the top player of group-01 paired against the top player of group-02 and the top player of group-03 against the top player of group-4 and so forth.
- ACCEPT look up translate image
- To take an offered piece, as in the King's Gambit Accepted opening 1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4. See also "Decline".
- ACTIVE look up translate image
- An aggressive move, line of play, or position. When mentioned in regards to a playing style, it indicates sharp or tactical tendencies.
- ACTIVE DEFENSE look up translate image
- The use of attack as a defense, rather than passively trying to cover weaknesses.
- ACTIVE PIECE look up translate image
- A developed piece that is actively participating in the conduct of the game. Active pieces form the basis of any attack.
- ACTIVITY look up translate image
- The quality of a Chess position that describes mobility or freedom of movement for pieces. An active piece is more likely to have a positive influence in the outcome of a game than an inactive piece (a cramped, blocked, or undeveloped piece). Active pieces is one key quality in assessing a Chess position.
- ACTUAL PLAY look up translate image
- See post-key play.
- ADJOURNMENT look up translate image
- An unfinished game may be adjourned and continued at a later time/date. The player to make the next move on the board is required to write the next move on a piece of paper which is given to the referee. This is called a sealed move. When the game recommences this move must be the next move played on the chessboard. The adjournment rule was first introduced in 1878 in Paris.
- ADJUDICATION look up translate image
- In amateur events, games not finished within a specified time period, sometimes are adjudicated by a strong player who determines the outcome of the game. This practice has fallen out of fashion and has been replaced by "sudden death".
- ADVANCED PAWN look up translate image
- This term describes a Pawn which has passed the central line of the chessboard which is between the fourth and fifth ranks.
- ADVANTAGE look up translate image
- A superiority of position, usually based on force, time, space or Pawn structure. A player whose position is considered objectively better is said to have the advantage. A judgment of an advantage must consider complex criteria such as material (more pieces or Pawns), space (more room to maneuver), activity (more influence of pieces), King safety (one side has a safer King than the other), or other weaknesses (backward Pawn, etc.).
Where the current position of the game favours one side over another....(more)
- AJEEB look up translate image
- A life-size figure which was operated by many Chess and Checker players including Constant Ferdinand Burille. Built by Charles Hopper in 1865. It played 900+ games and lost only three times and never lost a checker game.
- ALBINO look up translate image
- A problem in which, at some point in the solution, a white pawn on its starting square makes each of its four possible moves (forward one square, forward two squares, capture to the left, capture to the right). If the same behaviour is exhibited by a black pawn, it is a Pickaninny.
- ALERTNESS look up translate image
- The ability to take advantage of the opponent's inaccuracies while playing accurately yourself.
- ALGEBRAIC NOTATION look up translate image
- Same as Chess notation or simply notation. It is a combination of letters and numbers (a to h and 1 to 8) which denotes the 64 squares of the board. Algebraic notation has become the standard.
The modern and most popular way of recording chess moves, using single letter piece identifiers and unique alphabetic file and numeric rank identifiers.
- ALLUMWANDLUNG look up translate image
- A problem in which the solution includes pawn promotions to all possible pieces (in orthodox chess, to bishop, knight, rook and queen; in fairy chess, possibly to fairy pieces).
- ALPHA-BETA PRUNING look up translate image
- A technique used by computer programmers to cut down on the number of possible moves a computer has to evaluate before choosing the best move.
- ANALYSIS look up translate image
- The calculation and detailed study of a series of moves based on a particular position in a game.
Calculation of possible moves and variations for a position.
- ANNOTATION look up translate image
- Written comments about a position or a game, it can be narrative, Chess notation or both.
Written comments about a game or position. May include variations from the main line of play.
- ANNOUNCED MATE look up translate image
- A former practice to loudly proclaim a Checkmate. It is no longer permitted by the rules of Chess.
- ANTI-BRISTOL look up translate image
- The interference of one black piece by another like-moving one on the same line (if the pieces are on different lines, it is a Holzhausen).
- ANTICIPATION look up translate image
- If the theme and setting of a particular problem has already appeared in an earlier problem without the knowledge of the later composer, the problem is said to be anticipated. The position does not have to be exactly the same, just very similar. Where this is done deliberately by the later composer, the term plagiarised is used. There is a real chance of anticipation if the problem has a relatively simple theme, since there are only a finite number of positions and themes, and chess problems have been composed for hundreds of years. However, anticipations are not always noticed immediately.
- ARBITER look up translate image
- Chess has Arbiters for the enforcement of the rules.
- ARISTOCRAT look up translate image
- A problem which has no pawns in the initial position.
- ARTIFICIAL CASTLING look up translate image
- To exchange the positions of the king and rook other than by castling. Also known as "Castling by hand".
- ARTIFICIAL MANOEUVRE look up translate image
- Trying a bit too hard, or making an odd use of pieces.
- ATTACK look up translate image
- An aggressive action during a game or to threaten to capture a piece or Pawn. Minority Attack: an attack of minor pieces against a majority of minor pieces of the opponent with the objective of creating a weakness in his position.
1. An aggressive move or series of moves in a certain area of the board. 2. Threatening the capture of a piece or pawn or an empty square.
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