A hub of online professional and topical glossaries/dictionaries
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ABANDONMENT  look up translate image
Desertion of a child by a parent or adult primary caregiver with no provisions for continued childcare nor with any apparent intention to return to resume caregiving.
ABUSE AND NEGLECT  look up translate image
Physical, sexual and/or emotional maltreatment. Child abuse and neglect is defined as any recent act or failure to act resulting in imminent risk of serious harm, death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation of a child (a person under the age of 18, unless the child protection law of the state in which the child resides specifies a younger age for cases not involving sexual abuse) by a parent or caretaker (including any employee of a residential facility or any staff person...(more)
ACCESS VETO SYSTEMS  look up translate image
Type of reunion registry system. The veto is a document filed by one party to the adoption which registers that person's refusal to be contacted or denial of release of identifying information. In an access veto or non-disclosure request system, an adopted adult may receive identifying information about another party if no veto is on file. Some states may have provisions for a contact veto, permitting a party seeking information access to identifying information, including an original birth certificate, but prohibiting contact between the parties.
ACTIVE REGISTRIES  look up translate image
Reunion registries which do not require that both parties register their consent. Once one party is registered, a designated individual (often an agency or court representative) is assigned to contact those persons being sought and determine their wishes for the release of information.
ADD  look up translate image
Acronym for attention deficit disorder.
ADHD  look up translate image
Acronym for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
ADJUDICATORY HEARINGS  look up translate image
Held by the juvenile and family court to determine whether a child has been maltreated or whether another legal basis exists for the state to intervene to protect the child.
ADOPTEE  look up translate image
Any person who has been adopted.
ADOPTION  look up translate image
Legal process where parental rights are transferred from birth parents to adoptive parents.
ADOPTION "TRIANGLE" (OR ADOPTION "TRIAD")  look up translate image
An expression used to describe the three-sided inter-relationships among adopted children, their birth parents, and their adoptive parents.
ADOPTION AGENCY  look up translate image
Organization placing children in homes, under the jurisdiction of state or licensing laws.
ADOPTION AGREEMENT  look up translate image
The agreement in which the adoptive parent(s) and birth parent(s) put into writing their understanding of the terms of an adoption -- including the degree of communication and contact they will have with each other and with the adopted child.
ADOPTION AND SAFE FAMILIES ACT (ASFA)  look up translate image
Signed into law November 1997 and designed to improve the safety of children, to promote adoption and other permanent homes for children who need them and to support families. The law requires Child Protective Services (CPS) to provide more timely and focused assessment and intervention services to the children and families that are served within the CPS system.
ADOPTION ASSISTANCE  look up translate image
Monthly or one-time only subsidy payments to help adoptive parents raise children with special needs. These payments were initially made possible by the enactment of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-272) which provided federal funding for children eligible under title IV-E of the Social Security Act; States also fund monthly payments for children with special needs who are not eligible for federally funded subsidy payments. "Adoption assistance" can also refer to any help given to adoptive parents.
ADOPTION ATTORNEY  look up translate image
Lawyers who arrange adoptive placements and specialize in adoption.
ADOPTION BENEFITS  look up translate image
Compensation to workers through employer-sponsored programs. Some examples of such benefits are financial assistance or monetary reimbursement for the expenses of adopting a child, or provision of "parental" or "family" leave.
ADOPTION CONSULTANT  look up translate image
Anyone who helps with the placement of a child, but specifically someone who makes it his or her private business to facilitate adoptions.
ADOPTION DISRUPTION  look up translate image
The interruption of an adoption prior to finalization sometimes called a "failed adoption" or a "failed placement."
ADOPTION DISSOLUTION  look up translate image
The interruption or "failure" of an adoption after finalization that requires court action.
ADOPTION EXCHANGE  look up translate image
An organization which recruits adoptive families for children with special needs using print, radio, television and Internet recruitment, as well as matching parties (which bring together prospective adoptive parents, waiting children and their social workers in a child-focused setting). Adoption exchanges can be local, state, regional, national or international in scope.
ADOPTION FACILITATOR  look up translate image
Unlicensed organizations or individuals offering adoption services, which is illegal in 20 states.
Insurance which protects against financial loss which can be incurred after a birth mother changes her mind and decides not to place her child for adoption.
ADOPTION PETITION  look up translate image
The legal document through which prospective parents request the court's permission to adopt a specific child.
ADOPTION PLACEMENT  look up translate image
The point at which a child begins to live with prospective adoptive parents; the period before the adoption is finalized.
ADOPTION PLAN  look up translate image
A plan created between a birth mother and a social worker specifying all aspects and desires with regards to an adoption.
ADOPTION PROFESSIONAL  look up translate image
Employee of a licensed adoption agency or a trained and educated adoption authority who has training and experiences in adoption services and authorized by the agency to provide adoption services.
ADOPTION REVERSAL  look up translate image
Reclaiming of a child (originally voluntarily placed with adoptive parents) by birth parent(s) who have had a subsequent change of heart. State laws vary in defining time limits and circumstances under which a child may be reclaimed.
ADOPTION SERVICE PROVIDER (ASP)  look up translate image
A licensed agency or individual who is State certified to assist birth parents and adoptive parents with the placement of a child in an Independent Adoption.
ADOPTION SUBSIDIES  look up translate image
Federal or state adoption benefits (also known as adoption assistance) designed to help offset the short- and long-term costs associated with adopting children who need special services. To be eligible for the Federal IV-E subsidy program, children must meet each of the following characteristics: a court has ordered that the child cannot or should not be returned to the birth family; the child has special needs, as determined by the state's definition of special needs; a "reasonable effort" has...(more)
ADOPTION TAX CREDITS  look up translate image
Non-refundable credit which reduces taxes owed by adoptive parents who claim adoption expense reimbursement under P.L. 104-188; may be claimed on federal taxes (and in some states with similar legislation, on state taxes).
ADOPTION TAX EXCLUSIONS  look up translate image
IRS provisions in the federal tax code which allow adoptive parents to exclude cash or other adoption benefits for qualifying adoption expenses received from a private-sector employer when computing the family's adjusted gross income for tax purposes.
ADOPTION TRIAD/TRIANGLE  look up translate image
The three parties involved in an adoption: adoptee, adoptive parents and birth parents.
ADOPTION.ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS (AAP)  look up translate image
Federally funded state administered subsidy program for special needs children who might otherwise remain in longterm foster care.
ADOPTIVE PARENT  look up translate image
Person(s) who legally assume parental rights/responsibilities for adopted child.
ADULT ADOPTION  look up translate image
The adoption of a person over the age of majority (as defined in state law).
AGENCY ADOPTION  look up translate image
Adoptive placements made by licensed organizations that screen prospective adoptive parents and supervise the placement of children in adoptive homes until the adoption is finalized.
AGENCY PLACEMENT  look up translate image
Completion of an adoption.
ALCOHOL-RELATED BIRTH DEFECTS  look up translate image
Physical or cognitive deficits in a child which result from maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy includes but is not limited to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effect (FAE).
ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOR  look up translate image
Actions deviating sharply from the social norm. Children with such behaviors commonly skip school, get into fights, run away from home, persistently lie, use drugs or alcohol, steal, vandalize property and violate school and home rules.
APOSTILLE  look up translate image
A simplified certification of public (including notarized) documents used in countries that participate in a Hague Convention. This simplified form contains numbered fields (which allow the data to be understood by all participating countries regardless of the official language of the issuing country). The completed apostille form certifies the authenticity of the document's signature, the capacity in which the person signing the document has acted, and identifies the seal/stamp which the document...(more)
See Practitioner
ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION  look up translate image
Impregnation of a woman by one of many possible artificial reproductive technologies (ARTs).
ASFA  look up translate image
Acronym for Adoption and Safe Families Act.
ASSISTANCE, ADOPTION  look up translate image
See Subsidy.
Medical technologies that assist in the impregnation of a female. Technologies include oocyte (or egg) donation, embryo donation, in vitro fertilization, artificial insemination and sperm donation. Different medical procedures are used within each of these procedures.
AT-RISK PLACEMENT  look up translate image
The placement of a child into the prospective adoptive family before the birth parents' rights have been legally extinguished.
ATTACHMENT  look up translate image
The ability of a child to form significant and stable emotional connections with other people, beginning in early infancy with one or more primary caretakers. Failure to establish such connections before the age of five may result in difficulties with social relationships as severe as reactive attachment disorder.
ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER (ADD)  look up translate image
A lifelong developmental disability (with onset in infancy, childhood or adolescence) that affects a child's ability to concentrate and control impulses. A child who has ADD is not hyperactive, but often has problems sustaining attention in task or play activities, difficulty in persisting with tasks to completion, and concentrating for longer periods of time.
A lifelong developmental disability (with onset in infancy, childhood or adolescence) that involves problems with attention span, impulse control, and activity level at home, at school or at work. Typical behaviors include: fidgeting with hands or squirming in seat; difficulty remaining seated when required; distractibility; difficulty waiting for turns in groups; difficulty staying on task with chores or play activities; difficulty playing quietly; excessive talking; inattention; restlessness; and engaging in physically dangerous activities without considering consequences.
AUTHORITY, ADOPTION  look up translate image
See Hague Convention
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Glossary of adoption-related terms
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Created by admin
Created on 2012-08-13 08:53:54
Number of terms 316
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