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"PAR" OR "PAC"  look up translate image
etc.- Personnel Accountability Report (Check) etc. At various points during a operation command will call for a "PAR" (or some similar acronym). This might also be referred to as a "Roll Call". All company officers will report that they have their crew in sight or physical contact. They will respond with, "Engine 3 has PAR." or "Truck 9, PAR." An accountability report happens at timed intervals or when they situation has changed. Examples would be: Partial structure collapse, Fire Under Control, Change in tactics, Report of lost or injured firefighter.
"WET WATER  look up translate image
Water into which a surface tension reducing agent has been introduced. The resultant mixture, with its reduced surface tension, is more able to penetrate burning product more deeply and extinguish deep seated fire.
A  look up translate image
Wagon- This is another all purpose, regional, term. Often this is applied to vehicles designed to fight grass or brush fires. Although some departments may use this term to describe hazardous materials apparatus. In these cases they can pump foam or other specialized agents for the control of particular types of fires. The name comes from the fact that these vehicles, in the past, had an entirely separate ";Auxiliary"; motor that ran the pump. This allowed these vehicles to pump and roll at the...(more)
A-SIDE  look up translate image
Front of the fire building, usually front door facing street, but may be facing parking area where first apparatus arrives; other sides labeled B (left), C (rear), D (right), as necessary when speaking of or staffing structure fire Sectors.
ABOVE  look up translate image
ground storage tank - Storage tank that is not buried. Compare Underground storage tank. Unburied tanks are more prone to physical damage, and leaks are released to the air or ground, rather than the soil surrounding a buried tank.
ABOVE-GROUND STORAGE TANK  look up translate image
Storage tank that is not buried. Compare Underground storage tank. Unburied tanks are more prone to physical damage, and leaks are released to the air or ground, rather than the soil surrounding a buried tank.
ACCELERANT  look up translate image
flammable fuel (often liquid) used by some arsonists to increase size or intensity of fire. May also be accidentally introduced when HAZMAT becomes involved in fire. Flammable fuel (often liquid) used by some arsonists to increase size or intensity of fire. May also be accidentally introduced when HAZMAT becomes involved in fire.
ACCELERANTS  look up translate image
Materials, usually flammable liquids, used to initiate or increase the spread of fire.
ACCOUNTABILITY  look up translate image
The process of emergency responders (fire, police, SAR, emergency medical, etc...) checking into and making themselves announced as being on-scene during an incident to an incident commander or accountability officer. Through the accountability system, each person is tracked throughout the incident until released from the scene by the incident commander or accountability officer. This is becoming a standard in the emergency services arena primarily for the safety of emergency personnel. This system...(more)
ADAPTER  look up translate image
plumbing accessories for connecting hoses and pipes of incompatible diameter, thread, or gender. Types are: reducer, increaser, double male, double female, water thief. May contain combinations, such as a double-female reducer. Adapters between multiple hoses are called wye, Siamese, or distributor,
ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT (ALS)  look up translate image
Medical care provided by paramedics. This includes the administering of medications, defibrillation and providing advanced airway management prior to transportation to the hospital. This is much like the treatment the patient would receive in the hospital ER.
AERIAL FIRE APPARATUS  look up translate image
A fire truck equipped with an aerial ladder that brings firefighters, water or equipment to higher levels, and also provides a means of escape from upper stories
AERIAL LADDER  look up translate image
A power-operated ladder permanently mounted on a piece of apparatus.
AERIAL TRUCK  look up translate image
Also known as a ladder truck, aerial ladder, or just plain truck. A hydraulically powered ladder or articulating platform, mounted on a vehicle that also carries several different length extension ladders, extrication gear, ventilation equipment, and lighting Some trucks can reach as high as 200 feet!
AFA  look up translate image
Automatic Fire Alarm/Actuating Fire Alarm
AIR BAGS  look up translate image
Inflatable device used for lifting or spreading; Also vehicle safety device with potential explosion hazard during vehicle extrication if not already blown.
AIR MONITORING METER  look up translate image
electronic device for measuring the presence of one or more chemicals in air, such as oxygen, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide or volatile organic compounds; may have preset danger threshold alarms.
AIR PACK  look up translate image
A Self Contained Breathing Apparatus. See SCBA
AIR SERVIVE  look up translate image
Apparatus and Equipment used to refill SCBA bottles on site
AIR TANKER  look up translate image
A fixed-wing aircraft equipped to drop fire retardants or suppressants.
AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIREFIGHTING (ARFF)  look up translate image
a special category of firefighting that involves the response, hazard mitigation, evacuation and possible rescue of passengers and crew of an aircraft involved in an airport ground emergency.
ALARM  look up translate image
(1) system for detecting and reporting unusual conditions, such as smoke, fire, flood, loss of air, HAZMAT release, etc.; (2) a specific assignment of multiple fire companies and/or units to a particular incident, usually of fire in nature; (3) centralized dispatch center for interpreting alarms and dispatching resources. See fire alarm control panel.
ALL COMPANIES WORKING  look up translate image
Status report at fire scene indicating that available manpower is busy, and more resources may become necessary if incident is not controlled soon.
ALL HANDS  look up translate image
A working fire at which all units of the first alarm assignment are engaged in firefighting.
AMMONIUM NITRATE  look up translate image
component of ANFO; contents of two ships that exploded in Texas City Disaster, killing over 500 people, including all 28 volunteer firefighters at the scene.
ANCHOR POINT  look up translate image
An advantageous location, usually a barrier to fire spread, from which to start building a fire line. An anchor point is used to reduce the chance of firefighters being flanked by fire.
ANFO  look up translate image
Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil combination making a high explosive.
APPARATUS  look up translate image
A term usually used by firefighters describing a piece of equipment, usually a company vehicle. Any vehicle that serves a specific function other than just transportation of people. Engines, Trucks, and MICU's are examples of apparatus. A chief's vehicle is generally NOT considered apparatus although some departments may refer to it as such.
AQUEOUS FILM  look up translate image
Forming Foam (AFFF) - (pronounced "A-Triple-F", also called "Class A"): bubbles that act as surfactant to coat and penetrate ordinary fuels (e.g., wood, paper) to prevent them from burning at normal temperatures; also used on "Class B" (oil/gasoline) fires to spread a non-volatile film over the surface of the fuel. Applied using eductor or Compressed air foam system (CAFS) and pumped through firehose to a foam nozzle (or sometimes a less-effective fog nozzle).
ARSON  look up translate image
the crime of maliciously (or perhaps recklessly) setting fire to property, especially a dwelling. Punishable in various degrees, depending upon the circumstances. Occasionally occurs as a psychotic act of a mentally ill firefighter. The crime of maliciously (or perhaps recklessly) setting fire to property, especially a dwelling. Punishable in various degrees, depending upon the circumstances. Occasionally occurs as a psychotic act of a mentally ill firefighter.
ATTIC LADDER  look up translate image
Narrow, collapsible ladder used to access an attic space via a scuttle hole, which are often found in closets and other narrow passages. Also known as a closet ladder.
AUTHORITY HAVING JURISDICTION  look up translate image
A term used in many standards and codes to refer to the organization, office, or individual responsible for approving equipment, procedures and construction in a town, county, city or state.
AUTHORITY HAVING JURISDICTION (OR AHJ)  look up translate image
organization or agency with legal authority over a given type of incident (e.g., fire, EMS, SAR, arson, HAZMAT); may change or overlap as incident changes, as where fire becomes arson investigation once danger is over, or Motor Vehicle Accident becomes police business after vehicle extrication, fire, and HAZMAT issues are complete.
AUTO EXTENDED FIRE  look up translate image
structure fire that has gone out a window or other opening on one floor and ignited materials above, on another floor or other space (attic, cockloft).
AUTOEXTENDED FIRE  look up translate image
structure fire that has gone out a window or other opening on one floor and ignited materials above, on another floor or other space (attic, cockloft).
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER  look up translate image
A system of valves and pipes for automatically directing water to a fire when it is detected. May be normally pressurized with water ("wet") or with air ("dry"), depending upon the application. When a sprinkler-head (or sensor) detects fire/heat, the valve opens, releasing the water (hopefully onto the fire).
AVAILABLE FLOW  look up translate image
total amount of water that can be put on a fire, depending upon water supply, pump size, hoses, and distance to the fire. IC must assess available flow to determine whether additional apparatus or streams are required. See Fire flow requirement.
AXE. AX OR FIRE AXE  look up translate image
Standard fire axe having a 6 or 8 pound steel head with a cutting blade on one edge and a square, flat head on the opposite side. Come in various handle lengths
BA SET  look up translate image
Breathing Apparatus Set consisting of a face-mask and compressed air cylinder
BACK BURNING  look up translate image
Australian term, for Backfiring, above.
BACKDRAFT  look up translate image
A fire phenomenon caused when heat and heavy smoke (unburned fuel particles) accumulate inside a compartment, depleting the available air, and then oxygen/air is re-introduced, completing the fire triangle and causing rapid combustion.
BACKFIRING  look up translate image
A tactic used in wildland firefighting associated with indirect attack, by intentionally setting fire to fuels inside the control line. Most often used to contain a rapidly spreading fire, placing control lines at places where the fire can be fought on the firefighter's terms.
BACKFLOW PREVENTER  look up translate image
Automatic valve used in hose accessories to ensure water flows only in one direction. Used in permanent fire department connections (FDC) to sprinklers and dry standpipes, as well as portable devices used in firefighting.
BACKSTRETCHING  look up translate image
Doing a Fire to Hydrant procedure.
BAMBI BUCKET  look up translate image
A collapsible bucket slung below a helicopter. Used to dip water from a variety of sources for fire suppression.
BANK DOWN  look up translate image
What the smoke does as it fills a room, banks down to the floor, creating several layers of heat and smoke at different temperaturesthe coolest at the bottom.Bail-out. The act of completing a quick egress away from a fire room, on a ladder. This is done if flashover conditional are imminent.[1] What the smoke does as it fills a room, banks down to the floor, creating several layers of heat and smoke at different temperatures -- the coolest at the bottom
BASIC LIFE SUPPORT  look up translate image
Noninvasive emergency life-saving care to treat airway obstruction, cardiac arrest or respiratory arrest.
BATTALION CHIEF  look up translate image
A supervisor over a specific number of stations of a section. For example, the chiefs over, EMS, training or communications could very well hold the rank of battalion chief.
BEHAVE  look up translate image
A system of interactive computer programs for modeling fuel and fire behavior that consists of two systems: BURN and FUEL.
BLADDER BAG  look up translate image
A collapsible pack portable sprayer made of neoprene or high-strength nylon fabric fitted with a pump. (See also pack Pump.)
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Glossary of firefighting & rescue terms
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Created by admin
Created on 2012-08-21 01:49:44
Number of terms 568
Last added Wildland by admin
2012-08-21 04:07:27
Members
Sources
  • Firefighting and Rescue Service Dictionary / Glossary /Lexicon
    www.fireserviceinfo.com
    Fire and rescue service terminology, jargon and slang. Firefighting glossary.
  • Forest Fire glossary - dictionary
    home.epix.net
  • Glossary of Firefighting Terms
    reference.yourdictionary.com
    Glossary of firefighting terms including rescue terms, wildland fire terminology and the fire plan glossary.
  • Glossary of Firefighting Terms
    www.eastglenvillefd.com
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_firefighting_terms
    en.wikipedia.org
  • NFPA :: Press Room :: A Reporter's Guide to Fire and the NFPA :: Glossary
    www.nfpa.org
  • The Toads Favorite Fire Pads - Glossary of Common Fire Fighting Terms
    www.toadspad.net
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