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1503 PROCEDURES  look up translate image
limited procedures that allow a CLAIMANT to bring a HUMAN RIGHTS case directly to the Secretary General of United Nations; addresses situations which appear to reveal a widespread pattern of gross HUMAN RIGHTS abuses.
ABILITY TO TREAT SELF AND OTHERS FAIRLY  look up translate image
To treat oneself and others equally, justly, and respectfully.
ACCULTURATION  look up translate image
To adapt to a different culture on fairly equal terms. During this process, individuals or groups adopt certain aspects of another culture in respectful, unforced ways. This term is different from assimilation, which is forced and onesided.
ACTIVE LISTENING  look up translate image
The active process of hearing and understanding what someone is saying. To be a good listener, one must learn to empathize with the speaker(s) by trying to put oneself into another persons place in order to understand his or her perspective(s) and stories.Activist A person who intentionally acts to bring about civic, cultural, economic, political, or social change. This persons actions support or oppose one side of a controversial argument. Activism may refer to a variety of actions, including...(more)
ADMISSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS  look up translate image
The initial prerequisites that an individual, group or state must fulfill before it is permitted to present its CLAIM to a particular TREATY-MONITORING BODY or other HUMAN RIGHTS fact-finding or judging organization or court.
ADOPTION  look up translate image
Process by which a state agrees to international law; with regard to treaties, adoption usually refers to the initial diplomatic stage at which a treaty is accepted; in order to become effective, after adoption a TREATY usually must be RATIFIED by the legislature.
ADVISORY OPINION  look up translate image
Opinion of a court or court-like body that provides an interpretation of a law or norm; advisory opinions differ from other forms of opinions in that the advisory opinion need not concern a concrete case (one presenting real parties claimed to be harmed and entitled to a REMEDY).
ADVOCACY  look up translate image
specific, short-term activities to reach a long-term vision; actions designed to draw a community's attention to an issue and to direct policy makers to a solution.
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION  look up translate image
Action taken by a government or private institution to make up for past discrimination in education, work, or promotion on the basis of age, birth, color, creed, disability, ethnic origin, familial status, gender, language, marital status, political or other opinion, public assistance, race, religion or belief, sex, or sexual orientation.
AFFIRMATIVE DISCRIMINATION/ AFFIRMATIVE ACTION  look up translate image
Affirmative steps taken by governments, educational institutions, businesses and other bodies to eliminate existing discrimination, provide an immediate remedy for past discrimination and prevent discrimination from taking place in the future; promotes EQUALITY by recognizing that when people are in unequal positions treating them the same perpetuates systemic inequalities; permitted for some conditions under the CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION, the CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN and other international and regional documents.
AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLE’S RIGHTS (AFRICAN CHARTER)  look up translate image
A Regional human rights treaty for the African continent adopted by the Organisation of Africa Unity (OAU) in 1981.
AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' RIGHTS (ADOPTED 1981, ENTERED INTO FORCE 1986)  look up translate image
Establishes HUMAN RIGHTS standards and protections for the African region; notable for addressing community and group rights and duties.
AFRICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN AND PEOPLE’S RIGHTS  look up translate image
Institutional body primarily responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights in Africa.
AMERICAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS (ADOPTED IN 1969; ENTERED INTO FORCE 1978)  look up translate image
Establishes HUMAN RIGHTS standards and protections for the Americas; creates the INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS.
AMERICAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS (AMERICAN CONVENTION)  look up translate image
A human rights treaty adopted by the Organisation for American States (OAS) in 1969. It covers North, Central and South America.
AMERICAN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHT AND DUTIES OF MAN (1965)  look up translate image
NON-BINDING declaration of regional HUMAN RIGHTS standards; it has evolved into an influential document as the AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS has given normative value to the Declaration.
APATHY (OPPOSITE: EMPATHY)  look up translate image
Lack of interest or concern; indifference.
ASSIMILATION  look up translate image
To be structurally and/or culturally absorbed by a dominant group. During this process, an individual or a group is largely forced to shed its own culture and take on the culture of the dominant group. Assimilation may not be done on equal terms and thus is onesided.
BEIJING DECLARATION AND PLATFORM FOR ACTION  look up translate image
Consensus document emerging from the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, reviewing and re-affirming women's HUMAN RIGHTS in all aspects of life; signed by representatives at the Conference and morally but not legally binding.
BILATERAL TREATY  look up translate image
Formal, binding agreement between two states.
BRETTON WOODS INSTITUTIONS  look up translate image
See INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS, INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND (IMF) and WORLD BANK.
BROTHERHOOD/SISTERHOOD  look up translate image
An association or bond of solidarity between persons. Brothers and sisters are an integral part of a family, although people need not be bloodrelated siblings to be a part of a brotherhood and a sisterhood. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood [and sisterhood] (Article 1, UDHR)..
CAIRO PROGRAMME FOR ACTION  look up translate image
Consensus document which emerged from the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, affirming women's reproductive health and rights; signed by representatives at the Conference and morally but not legally binding.
CEDAW  look up translate image
See CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN.
CHARTER OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (SIGNED 1948; ENTERED INTO FORCE 1951)  look up translate image
Initial charter of the ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES creating INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS.
CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS (SIGNED 1945; ENTERED INTO FORCE 1945)  look up translate image
Initial document of the United Nations which spells out the rules for the UN and restates some of the basic principles of international law.
CHILD ABUSE  look up translate image
See MALTREATMENT OF CHILDREN.
CHILD EXPLOITATION AND SLAVERY  look up translate image
According to the Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor, the worst forms of child labor include, all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.&rdquo.
CITING EVIDENCE IN SUPPORT OF IDEAS  look up translate image
To express, in oral or written form, information that confirms a particular view..
CIVIC ENGAGEMENT  look up translate image
To participate in public life, encourage other people to participate in public life, and join in common work that promotes the wellbeing of everyone.Civil and Political Rights The rights to liberty and equality. Such rights include freedom to worship, to express oneself, to vote, to take part in political life, and to have access to information.
CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS  look up translate image
The rights of citizens to liberty and equality; sometimes referred to as first generation rights. Civil rights include freedom to worship, to think and express oneself, to vote, to take part in political life, and to have access to information.
CLAIM  look up translate image
Allegation by an individual or state that it is entitled to a REMEDY for an injury caused by an offender (usually the state).
CLAIMANT  look up translate image
One who brings a CLAIM.
CLASSISM  look up translate image
Attitude, action, and institutional practices that subordinate one class to a dominant class.Codification (Codify) The process of transforming principles or practices into written legal form.
CODIFICATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW  look up translate image
Process of reducing CUSTOMARY INTERNATIONAL LAW to written form.
CODIFICATION, CODIFY  look up translate image
The process of bringing customary international law to written form.
COLLECTIVE RIGHTS  look up translate image
See PEOPLES' RIGHTS.
COLONIALISM/IMPERIALISM  look up translate image
The extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory and people outside its own boundaries in order to facilitate domination over natural resources, labor, and markets. The term also refers to a set of beliefs used to legitimize or promote this system, especially the belief that the mores of the colonizer are superior to those of the colonized.
COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS  look up translate image
Body formed by the ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL (ECOSOC) of the United Nations to deal with HUMAN RIGHTS; one of the first and most important international HUMAN RIGHTS bodies.
COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN (CSW)  look up translate image
Body formed by the ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL (ECOSOC) of the United Nations as the principal UN policy-making body for women; monitors implementation of the BEIJING PLATFORM FOR ACTION.
COMMITTEE AGAINST TORTURE  look up translate image
The TREATY MONITORY BODY established by the CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMANE, DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT to hear violations of that CONVENTION.
COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE  look up translate image
The political arm of the EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS; the Committee can refer cases to the EUROPEAN COURT ON HUMAN RIGHTS.
COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN  look up translate image
The TREATY MONITORING BODY created by the CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN to monitor state compliance with that CONVENTION.
COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION  look up translate image
The TREATY MONITORING BODY created by the CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION to monitor state compliance with that CONVENTION.
COMMUNICATION  look up translate image
See COMPLAINT.
COMMUNITY  look up translate image
A group of people who identify with each other, have common interests, or are viewed as forming a distinct segment of society. The word community can also mean a society as a whole. A Human Rights Communityis a community based on human rights, where respect for the fundamental dignity of each individual is recognized as essential to society.
COMMUNITY SERVICE  look up translate image
Service that is designed to assist in addressing community problems such as housing, poverty, government, recreation, employment, youth opportunities, transportation, health, and land use.
COMPLAINT  look up translate image
In legal terms, the initial document that begins an action; a complaint sets forth a brief summary of what happened and argues why relief should be granted. In a human rights case, the complaint (or PETITION, or COMMUNICATION) alleges that government, or individual or institution that must answer to human rights standards (such as a surrogate of the government) has violated the HUMAN RIGHTS of specific individuals or groups of individuals.
COMPLAINT-INFORMATION PROCEDURES  look up translate image
The goal of complaint-information procedures is not to redress individual grievances but to identify broad human rights violations affecting a large population; petitions are received only as part of the information before the body considering the matter; authors of PETITIONS have no right to a REMEDY and may not even have a right to be informed about the disposition of the case.
COMPLAINT-RECOURSE PROCEDURES  look up translate image
The goal of complaint-recourse procedures is the redress of specific grievances. A successful procedure in this case may result in a legally enforceable REMEDY, orders that force the government to compensate a victim, reprimand the perpetrator or even change government policies and practices.
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Glossary of human rights terms
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Created on 2012-12-11 16:55:30
Number of terms 402
Last added Xenophobia by admin
2012-12-11 17:01:07
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