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A section of track protected by signals into which only one train at a time is permitted.
ADVANCED STARTING SIGNAL
An additional signal placed beyond the starting signal to permit trains to be shunted beyond the departure end of the platform. The advanced started indicates station limits at the departure end of the platform.
Locomotive with 2-6-6-6 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
Locomotive with 4-4-0 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
Locomotive with 4-14-4 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
Locomotive with 4-4-2 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
An early form of multiple unit where a steam locomotive was built into the end of a railway carriage.
BACK TO BACK
The distance measured between the inside edges of the two wheels on an axle. Important for determining if a given wagon, carriage, or locomotive will run through a given piece of track that has check rails.
The base material into which the sleepers under the track is set.
BALTIC (OR HUDSON)
Locomotive with 4-6-4 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
The plate upon which flatbottom rail is laid in order to be fastened down. Usually referred to in modelling terms as "chairs".
A shorter terminating platform road set into the side of a larger platform
Locomotive with 2-8-4 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
Locomotive with 4-8-8-4 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
BLOCK OR SECTION
A section of track protected by signals.
Track having a gauge wider than standard.
Locomotive with 2-12-4 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
Rail having the same profile for both the upper and lower portions of the rail.
A piece of rolling stock used to convey passengers.
A shed used for the storage of passenger carriages
A single trailing point blade set into an ascending track to derail wagons which have come uncoupled and are running back down the hill. This prevents runaways colliding with a following train.
Capacitor discharge unit. Used to store power so that several point motors may be fired simultaneously.
The base into which bullhead rail is laid in order to attach it to the sleepers.
Locomotive with 4-6-6-4 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
The piece of rail which holds the inside of the wheel to stop the other wheel from going down the wrong side of the "frog". Also used on bridges etc. to help hold the wheels on the track.
The piece of fixed rail between the points and "frog" of a turnout.
A tower like arrangement over a track into which coal is mechanically loaded. The coal can be dropped directly into the tender of steam locomotives.
A signal that uses only coloured lights to provide an indication of how far in front of the train that the line is clear.
Locomotive with 2-4-2 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
A method of wiring a layout whereby all of the wires going to one side of the track are wired together and permanently connected to one side of all controllers. This method permits single pole switches to be used in place of double pole and reduces the amount of wire required. IT CANNOT BE USED WITH SINGLE SUPPLY.
A way of splitting one track into many in the shortest possible distance by placing another turnout on each track coming from the previous one.
Locomotive with 2-6-6-6 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
A notation used to identify the wheel arrangement of locomotives by specifying non driving axles by numers and driving axles by letters (followed by 'o' if they are not coupled). For example C-C means no leading wheels, two sets of six coupled/driving wheels, and no trailing wheels, Co-Co indicates the same except that the driving axles are independently powered and not coupled together, A1A-A1A is a similar wheel arrangement except that the centre pair of wheels in each set are not powered. This notation is commonly used for diesel and electric locomotives.
A layout upon which a train can be set in motion and can then run continuously round and round traversing the same circle of track.
The unit consisting of switches and knobs used to control the speed and direction of a model train. The unit may also contain more sophisticated controls (eg. inertia). A transformer may also sometimes be found in the same box.
A pair of turnouts arranged so as to permit a train to cross from one line to another.
A section of railway line where the surrounding countryside is at a higher level than the line and the ground has been dug away to put in the line.
A model turnout where the crossing vee is moulded of plastic so as to keep the two track circuits through the turnout entirely separate.
Locomotive with 0-10-0 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
A track unit where one track crosses another track at the same level.
A locomotive powered by a diesel engine. The variations diesel mechanical, diesel hydraulic, and diesel electric refer to the method used to connect the diesel engine to the wheels.
A circuit using diodes that permits route setting of points to be done by selecting one circuit instead of requiring each point to be set separately.
A signal giving an advanced warning of what the next signal is showing. It has no stop indication.
A continuous run layout where the two sides of the circle have been "squeezed" together so as to simulate double track. A train running on this type of layout will appear to be running backwards and forwards in a realistic manner.
Locomotive with 4-4-4 wheel arrangement (refer Whyte)
A diamond crossing having slip roads on both sides of the diamond.
A means of getting into a central operating area of a layout not having a lifting section. May be padded on the underside of the baseboard to lessen the impact when you try to stand up too soon.
A locomotive powered by an electric motor. Electricity is supplied either by overhead wires or via an additional rail near the running rails. This extra rail is called the conductor rail.
ELECTRIC TRAIN HEATING (ETH)
A method of heating a train using electricity.
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