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- "C"-FORMAT look up translate image
- "Classic" format - one of the three selectable Advanced Photo System print formats; identical to the 2:3 aspect ratio used in 35 mm photography and suitable for most general-purpose shots. See also Aspect Ratio and Interspersed Aspect Ratio, "H"-format and "P"-format.
- "COBRA" FLASH look up translate image
- Kodak's patented flip-up flash mechanism that creates distance between the flash and the lens to reduce red-eye; flash is located on the end of hinged lever that covers the lens when closed, and flips up to switch on the camera and deploy the flash. Also called Flip-up Flash.
- "H"-FORMAT look up translate image
- One of the three selectable Advanced Photo System print formats; identical to the 9:16 aspect ratio used in high-definition television (HDTV); suitable for wider shots than usual, such as groups; produces prints of 3.5 x 6 inches or 4 x 7 inches. See also Aspect Ratio and Interspersed Aspect Ratio.
- "P"-FORMAT look up translate image
- "Pan" format - one of the three selectable Advanced Photo System print formats; a 1:3 aspect ratio that produces prints of 3.5 x 10.5 inches or up to 4.5 x 11.5 inches; suitable for panoramic shots and tall or wide subjects. See also Aspect Ratio and Interspersed Aspect Ratio.
- A-PEN look up translate image
- Annealed polyethylene naphthalate-a polyester material used as the base on Advanced Photo System film; thinner, stronger and flatter than the acetate base traditionally used in consumer photographic roll films.
- ACTIVE LIGHT LOCK DOOR look up translate image
- A lock on the Advanced Photo System film cassette that allows unexposed or partially exposed film to be advanced only when the cassette is properly loaded into any of the system's equipment, including cameras and photofinishing devices.
- ADJUSTABLE CAMERA look up translate image
- A camera with manually adjustable settings for distance, lens openings, and shutter speeds.
- ADJUSTABLE-FOCUS LENS look up translate image
- A lens that has adjustable distance settings.
- ADVANCED PHOTO SYSTEM look up translate image
- A new standard in consumer photography developed by Kodak and four other System Developing Companies - Canon, Fuji, Minolta and Nikon - based on a new film format and innovative film, camera and photofinishing technologies.
- ADVANTIX look up translate image
- The new Kodak brand that identifies the company's Advanced Photo System offerings.
- AGITATION look up translate image
- Keeping the developer, stop bath, or fixer in a gentle, uniform motion while processing film or paper. Agitation helps to speed and achieve even development and prevent spotting or staining.
- AMBIENT LIGHT look up translate image
- The available light completely surrounding a subject. Light already existing in an indoor or outdoor setting that is not caused by any illumination supplied by the photographer. Woman sitting by window in restaurant Photographer: Anna Collins KINSA/KODAK Photo Contest Film: KODAK GOLD Plus 200 Film Size: 35 mm
- ANGLE OF VIEW look up translate image
- The area of a scene that a lens covers or sees. Angle of view is determined by the focal length of the lens. A wide-angle lens (short-focal-length) includes more of the scene-a wider angle of view-than a normal (normal-focal-length) or telephoto (long-focal-length) lens.
- APERTURE look up translate image
- Lens opening. The opening in a camera lens through which light passes to expose the film. The size of aperture is either fixed or adjustable. Aperture size is usually calibrated in f-numbers-the larger the number, the smaller the lens opening.
- APERTURE PRIORITY look up translate image
- An exposure mode on an automatic or autofocus camera that lets you set the aperture while the camera sets the shutter speed for proper exposure. If you change the aperture, or the light level changes, the shutter speed changes automatically.
- ARCHIVABILITY look up translate image
- Good quality tape can be relied upon to withstand a wide range of temperature and humidity. If stored properly, the expected lifetime of a video tape should be anywhere from 10 years to beyond 30 years. Tapes should resist shedding and layer-to-layer adhesion; remain flexible; and retain the recorded signals with little loss. Poor performance tape may start shedding over time especially if exposed to extremes of temperature. Also they may develop sticky substances as a result of high humidity exposure and the breakdown of the vinyl binders used to hold the magnetic particles onto the base film.
- ASPECT RATIO look up translate image
- The ratio of width to height in photographic prints - 2:3 in 35 mm pictures to produce photographs most commonly measuring 3.5 x 5 inches or 4 x 6 inches; Advanced Photo System cameras deliver three aspect ratios as selected by the user. See also Interspersed Aspect Ratio. APS print formats The Advanced Photo System's three user selectable print formats: "C" - 2:3 aspect ratio used in 35 mm photography "H" - 9:16 aspect ratio used by high-definition television (HDTV) "P" - 1:3 aspect ratio produces prints of 3.5 x 10.5 inches or up to 4.5 x 11.5 inches; suitable for panoramic shots
- AUDIO FRQUENCY RESPONSE look up translate image
- This is the measure of relative loudness of high frequencies compared to the playback level of the lower frequencies. It is measured at 7 Khz.
- AUDIO SENSITIVITY look up translate image
- The playback output level of the audio signal at lower frequencies (measured at 1 Khz). This represents how loud the audio signal will be on playback from conventional linear audio (not hi-fi VCRs).
- AUTOFOCUS (AF) look up translate image
- System by which the camera lens automatically focuses the image of a selected part of the picture subject.
- AUTOMATIC CAMERA look up translate image
- A camera with a built-in exposure meter that automatically adjusts the lens opening, shutter speed, or both for proper exposure.
- B (BULB) SETTING look up translate image
- A shutter-speed setting on an adjustable camera that allows for time exposures. When set on B, the shutter will stay open as long as the shutter release button remains depressed.
- BACK-PRINTING look up translate image
- Information printed on the back of a picture by the photofinisher. The system standard requires the printing of frame number, film cassette number and processing date automatically on the back of each Advanced Photo System print; may also include more detailed information, such as customized titles and time and date of picture-taking.
- BACKGROUND look up translate image
- The part of the scene the appears behind the principal subject of the picture.
- BACKLIGHTING look up translate image
- Light coming from behind the subject, toward the camera lens, so that the subject stands out vividly against the background. Sometimes produces a silhouette effect. Boy and shadow leaping on beach Photographer: Jose Navarro Salazar KINSA/KODAK Photo Contest Film: KODAK GOLD PLUS 100 Film Size: 35 mm>
- BALANCE look up translate image
- Placement of colors, light and dark masses, or large and small objects in a picture to create harmony and equilibrium.
- BELLOWS look up translate image
- The folding (accordion) portion in some cameras that connects the lens to the camera body. Also a camera accessory that, when inserted between lens and camera body, extends the lens-to-film distance for close focusing.
- BETWEEN-THE-LENS SHUTTER look up translate image
- A shutter whose blades operate between two elements of the lens.
- BLOWUP look up translate image
- An enlargement; a print that is made larger than the negative or slide.
- BOUNCE LIGHTING look up translate image
- Flash or tungsten light bounced off a reflector (such as the ceiling or walls) to give the effect of natural or available light.
- BRACKETING look up translate image
- Taking additional pictures of the subject through a range of exposures-both lighter and darker-when unsure of the correct exposure. Negative strip-bracketing example
- BURNING-IN look up translate image
- Giving additional exposure to part of the image projected on an enlarger easel to make that area of the print darker. This is accomplished after the basic exposure by extending the exposure time to allow additional image-forming light to strike the areas in the print you want to darken while holding back the image-forming light from the rest of the image. Sometimes called printing-in.
- CAMERA ANGLES look up translate image
- Various positions of the camera (high, medium, or low; and left, right, or straight on) with respect to the subject, each giving a different viewpoint or effect.
- CANDID PICTURES look up translate image
- Unposed pictures of people, often taken without the subject's knowledge. These usually appear more natural and relaxed than posed pictures. Kids in parade Photographer: Virgilio Arturo Garcia Ruiz KINSA/KODAK Photo Contest Film: KODAK GOLD 100 Film Size: 35 mm
- CARTRIDGE look up translate image
- A lighttight, factory-loaded film container that can be placed in and removed from the camera in daylight.
- CASSETTE look up translate image
- Elliptically shaped film cassette designed especially for the Advanced Photo System that serves as the sealed, leaderless container for all System film whether unexposed, exposed or processed. See also Film Status Indicators and NRIC.
- CLEARING AGENT look up translate image
- A chemical that neutralizes hypo in film or paper, reducing wash time and helping to provide a more stable image.
- CLOSE-UP look up translate image
- A picture taken with the subject close to the camera-usually less than two or three feet away, but it can be as close as a few inches. Close up of pink flower Photographer: Gary Whelpley Film: KODAK EKTACHROME ELITE 100 Film Size: 35 mm
- CLOSE-UP LENS look up translate image
- A lens attachment placed in front of a camera lens to permit taking pictures at a closer distance than the camera lens alone will allow.
- COATED LENS look up translate image
- A lens covered with a very thin layer of transparent material that reduces the amount of light reflected by the surface of the lens. A coated lens is faster (transmits more light) than an uncoated lens.
- COLOR BALANCE look up translate image
- How a color film reproduces the colors of a scene. Color films are made to be exposed by light of a certain color quality such as daylight or tungsten. Color balance also refers to the reproduction of colors in color prints, which can be altered during the printing process.
- COLOR NOISE look up translate image
- Better known as chrominance signal-to-noise ratio. A measure of how accurately the color signals are reproduced. Poor chroma signal-to-noise ratios are evidenced in color fringing on edges of objects and what appears to be thousands of moving dots in large areas of highly saturated colors (especially red).
- COLOR OUTPUT look up translate image
- The playback output level of the color (chrominance) signal after it is separated from the luminence signal. As with RF output, a low performing tape can lose color resolution due to increased percentage of noise.
- COMPOSITION look up translate image
- The pleasing arrangement of the elements within a scene-the main subject, the foreground and background, and supporting subjects.
- CONDENSER ENLARGER look up translate image
- An enlarger with a sharp, undiffused light that produces high contrast and high definition in a print. Scratches and blemishes in the negative are emphasized.
- CONTACT PRINT look up translate image
- A print made by exposing photographic paper while it is held tightly against the negative. Images in the print will be the same size as those in the negative.
- CONTACT PRINTER look up translate image
- A device used for contact-printing that consists of a lighttight box with an internal light source and a printing frame to position the negative against the photographic paper in front of the light.
- CONTRAST look up translate image
- The range of difference in the light to dark areas of a negative, print, or slide (also called density); the brightness range of a subject or the scene lighting.
- CONTRAST GRADE look up translate image
- Numbers (usually 1-5) and names (soft, medium, hard, extra-hard, and ultrahard) of the contrast grades of photographic papers, to enable you to get good prints from negatives of different contrasts. Use a low-numbered or soft contrast paper with a high contrast negative to get a print that most closely resembles the original scene. Use a high-numbered or an extra-hard paper with a low-contrast negative to get a normal contrast paper.
- CONTRASTY look up translate image
- Higher-than-normal contrast including very bright and dark areas. The range of density in a negative or print is higher than it was in the original scene.
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