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A  look up translate image
A is the note of the musical scale used generally for tuning (= French, Italian, Spanish: la). Notes in English are given letter names, A,B,C,D,E,F & G.
A DUE CORDE  look up translate image
It.: "on two strings". In piano music this indicates the release of the soft pedal.
A PRIMA VISTA  look up translate image
It.: "at first sight".
A TEMPO  look up translate image
It.: "in time". Back to the original tempo.
A TRE CORDE  look up translate image
It.: "on three strings".
À CAPELLA  look up translate image
It.: singing without instrumental accompaniment.
A440  look up translate image
(440 cycles per second) is commonly used for tuning the orchestra.
ABSOLUTE PITCH  look up translate image
The name given by psychologists to what musicians call 'perfect pitch'. The ability found in a minority of listeners, where the pitch of a tone can be accurately identified without relying on an external reference.
ACCELERANDO  look up translate image
Accelerando (Italian: becoming faster) is a term in general use to show that the music should be played at an increasing speed.
ACCOMPANIMENT  look up translate image
An accompaniment is an additional part for a performer of any kind that is less important than another, which it serves to support and enhance. The piano is often used to provide an accompaniment to a solo singer. In instrumental works for, say, violin and piano the rôles may be reversed.
AD LIBITUM  look up translate image
Lat.: "play freely". In classical music this means free tempo and dynamics, in jazz, pop, rock etc. it means an improvised solo.
ADAGIO  look up translate image
Adagio (Italian: slow) is an indication of tempo and is sometimes used to describe a slow movement, even when the indication of speed at the start of the movement may be different. The diminutive form adagietto is a little faster than adagio.
AFFETTUOSO  look up translate image
It.: "with feeling".
AGITATO  look up translate image
It.: "agitated". Restless and wild.
AGOGIC  look up translate image
Subtle tempo and rhythm changes as a part of phrasing.
AIR  look up translate image
Air (= Italian: aria) appearing sometimes with the earlier English spelling ayre, means a tune or melody, for voice or instrument.
AL FINE  look up translate image
It.: "to the end".
ALFABETO  look up translate image
A system developed by Spanish 17th century guitarists for noting standard guitar chords.
ALLA  look up translate image
The Italian alla means 'in the manner of' (= French: la) and may be found in titles like that of Mozart's 'Rondo alla turca', Rondo in the Turkish Style.
ALLA BREVE  look up translate image
"Shortened time". 2/2 time.
ALLEGRETTO  look up translate image
It.: diminutive form of allegro. A little slower than allegro.
ALLEGRO  look up translate image
Allegro (Italian: cheerful, lively) is generally taken as fast, although not as fast as vivace or presto. Allegretto is a diminutive, meaning slightly slower than allegro. These indications of speed or tempo are used as general titles for pieces of music headed by instructions of this kind. The first movement of a classical sonata, for example, is often 'an Allegro', just as the slow movement is often 'an Adagio'.
ALLEGRO ASSAI  look up translate image
It.: "very fast".
ALLEGRO MODERATO  look up translate image
It.: "moderately fast". Fast, but not as fast as allegro.
ALLEGRO NON TROPPO  look up translate image
It.: "fast but not too much".
ALLEMANDE  look up translate image
An allemande is a German dance (the word itself is French) in 4/4 time, often the first dance in a baroque dance suite, where it is frequently followed by a courante, a more rapid dance. The allemande, which appears in earlier English sources often as alman, almain or with similar spellings, is generally moderate in speed.
ALTO  look up translate image
The alto (= Italian: high) is the lower female or unbroken male voice, or male falsetto of similar range. The alto clef (see Clef) is a sign written on the musical stave to show that the middle line of the stave is middle C. It is now used for much of the music written for viola and other instruments of similar range. Female alto soloists are usually described as contralto rather than alto.
AMPLITUDE  look up translate image
The magnitude or strength of a signal. The degree of excursion about an average or equilibrium value exhibited by some oscillating quantity. For a vibrating object, amplitude may be expressed in terms of the velocity of the object in space or the pressure it exerts or other physical quantity. Amplitude is commonly measured by one of three methods: (1) the difference between the maximum excursion and the equilibrium point ('peak amplitude'), (2) the difference between the maximum positive and maximum...(more)
AMPLITUDE MODULATION  look up translate image
(AM). The varying of the amplitude of a signal, usually repetitively. For signals of audible frequency, amplitude modulations in the range of 1 Hz to ~15 Hz evoke a tremolo effect.
ANDANTE  look up translate image
Andante (Italian: walking) is a word used to suggest the speed of a piece of music, at walking pace. The diminutive andantino is ambiguous and means either a little faster or a little slower than andante, more often the former.
ANDANTE MODERATO  look up translate image
It.: "moderately slow". Slow, but not as slow as andante.
ANDANTE SOSTENUTO  look up translate image
It.: "slow and sustained". Slower than andante.
ANDANTINO  look up translate image
It.: diminutive of andante. Slow, but not as slow as andante.
ANIMATO  look up translate image
It.: "animated", "with movement".
ANTHEM  look up translate image
An anthem is a short vocal composition. In the Church of England the word indicates such a composition often using a non-liturgical text (i.e. not part of the official service). A full anthem is for full choir, without soloists, while a verse anthem makes contrasting use of solo singers. Both these forms flourished in the Church of England from the late 16th century.
ARABESQUE  look up translate image
The word 'arabesque' originally indicated a decorative pattern in Arab style found in painting or architecture. Its most common use in music has been as a descriptive title of short decorative piano pieces of the 19th or early 20th century. There are two well known Arabesques by the French composer Debussy.
ARCO  look up translate image
Arco (Italian: bow) is used as an indication to string-players that they should use the bow, rather than pluck with the fingers (see pizzicato).
ARIA  look up translate image
An aria is a song or air. The word is used in particular to indicate formally constructed songs in opera. The so-called da capo aria of later baroque opera, oratorio and other vocal compositions, is an aria in which the first section is repeated, usually with additional and varied ornamentation, after the first two sections. The diminutive arietta indicates a little aria, while arioso refers to a freer form of aria-like vocal writing.
ARIETTA  look up translate image
It.: a small aria.
Listeners tend to prefer music that matches their pre-existing arousal level. When asleep most people have a low tolerance for music, especially when the music has a high level of stimulation. Conversely, when in a highly aroused state, most listeners find sedate music to be uninteresting or inappropriate.
ASSAI  look up translate image
Assai (Italian: very) appears often in indications to performers of the speed of a piece of music, as in allegro assai, very fast, or allegro assai moderato, very moderately fast.
ATONAL  look up translate image
Atonal music is music that has no specific tonality, is not in a specific key and therefore has no specific 'home' note or chord. The word atonality refers technically to various forms of 20th century music not in a key.
ATONAL MUSIC  look up translate image
Music with no defined key or root note. The term is especially associated with serial music.
ATTACCA  look up translate image
Go on to the next section without repeat or pause.
ATTENUATE  look up translate image
To lessen; especially to lessen the amplitude of a signal. When audio signals are attenuated, typically a decrease in loudness occurs. However, attenuation need not always affect loudness -- f.e. the attenuation of a vibrato will result in a lessening of the depth of the vibrato.
AUBADE  look up translate image
An aubade is a morning-song. A well known example is the Siegfried Idyll, a work written by Richard Wagner to be played for his second wife Cosima on the morning of her birthday.
AUDIO FREQUENCY  look up translate image
Any frequency audible to the human ear. The range of audio frequencies is usually considered to lie in the region between 20 hertz and 20,000 hertz. However, the specific range of audio frequencies varies considerably from person to person especially with respect to age.
AUDITORY EVOKED POTENTIAL  look up translate image
When an isolated sound is heard, millions of neurons in the auditory cortex are activated. The near simultaneous firing of large numbers of neurons induces electrical potentials that can be measured with electrodes on the scalp. Auditory signals activate regions of the temporal lobes located just above the ears. Because the resulting electroencephalographs (EEG) arise in response to a single sound, they are referred to as auditory evoked potentials or auditory evoked responses.
AUDITORY INDUCTION  look up translate image
The subjective impression of a continuing sound, even though the sound is entirely absent. When a pure tone is alternated with broad-band noise, the tone will appear as a continuous background tone with the noise over-layed. In ideal circumstances auditory induction has been measured for as long as 30 seconds.
AUDITORY STREAMING  look up translate image
The subjective sense of connectedness where two or more successive sounds appear to arise from the same sound generating source.
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Dictionary of music terms
Visibility Public
Created by admin
Created on 2011-05-14 07:53:29
Number of terms 485
Last added Xylophone by admin
2012-08-20 18:31:50
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